Founding members of the ERECOLNAT program

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

At the crossroads of the sciences of the Earth, Life and Man, the Museum has devoted itself daily - and this for nearly 400 years - to nature and its relations with the human species. Rich in history, at the heart of the news, the Museum is also working for the future …

Five missions to know and preserve nature

Environmental awareness and safeguarding the planet are at the heart of contemporary debates. Fully committed to these issues, the Museum has a position of reference thanks to various missions: basic and applied research, preservation and enrichment of collections, teaching, expertise and dissemination of knowledge.

Research Center, the Museum relies on laboratory works and expeditions around the world, a wide range of disciplines, exceptional collections and recognized expertise. Through teaching or dissemination actions, it also has for mission to share its knowledge. With a clear objective: to make knowledge about nature accessible to all and to sensitize as many people as possible to the protection of our planet.

Twelve sites in France

One of the peculiarities of the Museum is to spread its activity over 12 sites throughout France. Its historical heart is located in Paris, at the “Jardin des Plantes”, which hosts laboratories, exhibition galleries, a “ménagerie” or educational sites. There are also two other major Parisian venues, the “Parc Zoologique de Paris” and the “Musée de l'Homme”. But there are still two marine resorts, an arboretum, a zoo, botanical gardens, a prehistoric excavation site, laboratories, etc. to be discovered throughout France.

A bit of history

This historical institution has been created in 1635. Originally a royal medicinal garden and a place of learning, it became a Museum of Natural History in 1793. Since four centuries, it is at the source of major scientific discoveries in the natural sciences. It has grown over time thanks to great minds. Buffon in the 18th century, Daubenton, Lamarck, Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire or Cuvier in the 19th century provided outstanding education, enriched and studied the collections and were keen to pass on their knowledge to the public.

Professions and passion

​Nowadays, a variety of professions coexist at the Museum. Teachers-researchers tracking knowledge to advance science, taxidermists dedicated to giving strength, movement and expression to a collection specimen, gardeners taking up the challenge of bringing together in the alpine garden plants from different climates, electricians, carpenters, receptionists, veterinarians, museologists... All are at the service of the same passion and a single goal: to better know and value nature to better preserve it.

University of Montpellier

Located in the South of France near the Mediterranean sea, the University of Montpellier is the sixth university of France with 45,000 students and 4,600 staffs. Heiress of the Faculty of Medicine of Montpellier (1220), it brings together a wide range of knowledge and disciplines: science and technology, law, economy, environment, administration, management, medicine, pharmacy, physical and sports activities, biology, computer science, educational sciences, political science… A university open to the world and where life is good with its attractive campuses, its prestigious heritage and its rich cultural and associative life.

Clermont Auvergne University & Associates

The University Clermont Auvergne is a new university resulting from the gathering of the University of Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand-I) and the Blaise-Pascal University (Clermont-Ferrand II) in 2016. It aims to create in Clermont Ferrand and the Auvergne region a large multidisciplinary university, modern, open to the world and developing at the highest level all of its missions (Shanghai ranking), in accordance with the principles of public service. It is made up of 20 RFUs, Institutes and Schools (including 2 engineering schools: Polytech, ISIMA) and 35 teams and research centers with 3 laboratories of excellence. It obtained the "Label I-Site" mark of excellence in 2017.

The UniVegE service - CLF university herbaria at Clermont Auvergne University coordinates and follows the e-ReColNat WP3 program for attaching and digitizing. It also pursues activities of conservation and computerization of Clermont collections (4th French herbarium), research activities (theses, publications ...) in plant ecology and phytosociology and environmental expertise activities focused on the mountains.

It is a considerable scientific heritage that totals over 600,000 pieces, gathered for four centuries by several hundred botanists. It is an international collection listed under the acronym "CLF" in the Index Herbariorum published in New York by the International Association for Plant Taxonomy. In particular, the collections of the Massif Central, Europe, Asia, North America, Africa and the Mediterranean basin are particularly rich. These collections represent a large part of the biodiversity, all groups: Phanerogams, Pteridophytes, Bryophytes, Lichens, Chlorophytes (Charales), Bacillariophytes (Diatoms), Micromycetes parasites plants.

They are of great scientific interest with several hundred "nomenclatural types", or reference samples for plant names. These collections are still alive: the general herbaria of vascular plants and bryophytes are fed by samples (several hundred each year) collected in the field during prospection, research and expertise programs for which they represent reference collections.

For more than 15 years, an ambitious modernization program has enabled the computerization of more than 120,000 Herbaria pieces in the service of scientific culture and research. The database of CLF herbaria collections was developed according to a model similar to Sonnerat combining a cartographic component and a digital image component associated with the metadata of the sheets. This database is already linked historically to the network of “Herbiers de France”.

University of Burgundy

The University of Burgundy (uB) is a multisite university (Dijon, Auxerre, Chalon-sur-Saône, Mâcon and Nevers) offering a wide range of formations. The uB participated in the creation of the ReColNat infrastructure to integrate palaeontological and zoological data, in particular those from the Trans'Tyfipal® program that the uB-CNRS Biogeosciences laboratory is coordinating.

LThe first collections of the University of Burgundy date back to the beginning of the 19th century and more precisely with the creation of the chair of natural sciences in 1808 (and subsequently Chairs of Geology, Zoology and Botany). In addition to specimens for teaching, the naturalist collections will see many increases related to laboratory research activities with the concern of always wanting to preserve the collected specimens such as Burgundy flora of Bugnon or Provencal palaeontological collection of Collot.

In addition to these specimens directly collected by teacher-researchers and researchers of the university, numerous donations and purchase enrich these collections: the Crouan brothers' alguier, the Nördlinger wood cups, the paleontological collections of Valette and Collignon, the malacological collection of Henri Drouet…

Currently, these collections of natural sciences count more than a million of specimens of including over 10,000 types and figured and are constantly growing in the context of contemporary scientific collections and various donations.

Anxious to promote these specimens, the University of Burgundy, and more particularly the Biogeosciences laboratory, coordinates the national program of inventory of palaeontological types and figurines Trans' Tyfipal®. It is for this reason that the uB participated in the assembly of the ReColNat infrastructure as a founding member.

Research Institute for Development

An internationally recognized multidisciplinary organization, working mainly in partnership with the Mediterranean and intertropical countries, the Research Institute for Development is a French public institution under the dual supervision of the Ministries of Higher Education Research and Foreign Affairs and International Development. Through its network and its presence in more than 50 countries, it has an original approach to research, expertise, training and knowledge sharing for the benefit of territories and countries that make science and innovation one of the most first levers of their development.

LThe RID conducts research on the biodiversity of tropical countries, ranging from systematic to applied ecology, which has led to the creation and management of naturalist collections. The most important are the herbaria of New Caledonia (NOU) and Guyane (CAY), which hosts respectively 200,000 and 80,000 specimens, and whose data are already computerized and available online.

The technical and scientific management of these herbaria is entrusted to the UMR AMAP (IRD-CIRAD-CNRS-INRA-Univ. Montpellier) “botAny and Modeling of Plant and Vegetation Architecture ". AMAP is an interdisciplinary unit that studies Mediterranean and temperate tropical plants and vegetation by crossing the disciplines of biology (systematic and structural botany, ecology, agronomy, forestry) with those of computer science and applied mathematics.

In association with Inria, Tela Botanica and the support of Agropolis Fondation, AMAP created the Pl @ ntNet collaborative platform, the most visible element of which is the Pl @ ntNet-mobile plant identification application Pl@ntNet-mobile.

National Institute of Agronomic Research

The Herbarium of Guadeloupe is a privileged tool for the study of the flora of French Antilles. It’s available to partners in research and education.

It has been constituted since the 70’s, mainly by a botanist of INRA, Jacques FOURNET, currently retired. In parallel, he developed a database, when the microcomputers have appeared in the world of research.

It’s this database, incremented continuously, which served as a base for the update of the taxonomic repository of vascular plants of the French Antilles, in 2011. This update was conducted under the impulse and with the support of the association Tela Botanica, and fed the repository TAXREF of the INPN.

The Herbarium is referenced at an international level under the name GUAD. It is hosted in the INRA center of the Antilles-Guyana, at the Duclos estate in Guadeloupe. The team that manages this herbarium is that of CRB Tropical Plants, itself included in the research unit ASTRO.

It gathers about 15,000 pieces, corresponding to more than 2,500 species present in Guadeloupe and Martinique. In a lesser degree, it also has samples from others islands of the Antilles and Guyana.

This collection is the most significant of the Small Antilles. INRA contributes to the sustainability and enhancement of this herbarium, with a technical staff dedicated to the patrimonial collections, which also include a large collection of insects.

This herbarium is available to users of research and education, hosting scientists, students and providing educational resources to schoolchildren.

The digitization of all species has been conducted, and is currently completed for every pieces, as a part of the E-ReColNat project. A website presents the catalogue of the herbarium, according to the initial nomenclature.

The CNAM

The National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts (CNAM) is a large institution of Higher Education and Basic and Applied Research founded by Abbe Henri Gregoire in Paris on October 10, 1794 to perfect the national industry.

The CNAM has 3 missions:

• Lifelong training: located in every region of France, overseas and abroad, the CNAM delivers to its 85,000 students (average age: 34 years) more than 8,000 degrees and diplomas and 1,000 validations of acquired experience (VAE).

• Research: the CNAM has 22 laboratories including 14 own teams and 2 UMRs. The DICEN-IDF laboratory, a partner of the E-ReColNat project (Information and Communication Devices in the Digital Age - Paris, Ile-de-France), is a multi-tutelage research unit in the field of Information and Communication Sciences (SIC).

• Dissemination of scientific and technical culture: the Museum of Arts and Crafts is a major player in the dissemination of scientific and technical culture with 250,000 visitors per year, 80,000 objects at the Museum of Arts and Crafts (Foucault's pendulum, the fardier of Cugnot, the planes of Blériot and Breguet, ...).

Tela Botanica

Tela Botanica, the network of the French-speaking botanists develops open collaborative projects.

Tela Botanica, network of French-speaking botanists, is managed by an association (law 1901). It connects all the actors of botany, from the general public to researchers. Created in 1999, the Tela Botanica network develops projects around botany in direct collaboration with researchers, professionals and the general public. The association provides French-speaking botanists with its know-how in animation and information technology to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and the development of collaborative projects such as participatory sciences. Tela Botanica contributes to the valorization of knowledge and facilitates the cooperation of botanists.

** Tela Botanica, a collaborative network that has been producing common good for botany for more than 15 years. **

The association develops the principle of participatory and citizen science. There are more than 35,000 people in the network, from different countries and with different skills, who contribute voluntarily to the development of knowledge. A salaried team, with 15 years of experience in developing participatory tools and network animation, ensures the reliability and durability of this collaborative work.

** Collective intelligence, key to our success **

The network brings together plant enthusiasts, beginners or experienced, engaged in the production of collective knowledge. Its value is collective intelligence as well as sharing and open access to knowledge. Thus all shared data and tools developed are licensed under free license (CC BY-SA, GNU LPG, OdbL, CeCILL) to promote and encourage the free flow of data and knowledge.

tela-botanica.org is the portal of information and privileged exchange of botanists

The website offers many digital tools.

To get informed :

  • an electronic flora,
  • a directory of herbaria,
  • a weekly news letter.

To exchange :

  • discussion forums,
  • an editor area.

To publish articles and broadcast events:

  • a directory of members.

To cooperate:

  • a collaborative workspace,
  • a digital field notebook for your botanical observations (Online notebook),
  • a tool for capturing botanical collections (Online Collections),
  • a tool for creating digital botanical trails (Smart'Flore),
  • an identification support platform (IdentiPlante).

Agoralogie

Global Biodiversity Information Facility

GBIF France is the French node of GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility), an international scientific program founded in 2001 by the OECD, which is committed to promoting free and open access biodiversity data via the Internet.

To this end, GBIF connects databases of observed and collected specimens, making them interoperable and freely accessible to support science, conservation policies and sustainable development. These data (more than 700 million in the fall of 2016) describe where and when hundreds of millions of organisms were observed or harvested, providing an international cyber-infrastructure to refine knowledge of species distribution.

The GBIF France is funded by the French Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research and integrated into the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle. It has the dual task of representing GBIF in France, providing French scientific and political communities with the tools and services created by GBIF, and representing France in the GBIF network, ensuring that be visible and listened to.

The aim of GBIF France is to gather all the primary biodiversity data hosted in France, whether these concern the biodiversity of the French territory or the rest of the world. Collection or observation data concerning France but hosted in other countries are the responsibility of the nodal points of those countries holding the information. The GBIF French Node Team also has a technical support mission to the data providers, and can be contacted to help with the uploading of data. In autumn 2016, more than 39 million data shared by French suppliers are visible and accessible on the GBIF.org website and on the national data access portal: [portail.gbif.fr](http: // portail.gbif.fr/).

To these missions is added for the French nodal point a specific role of support to the French-speaking countries of the South, to set up their national nodes and to fully join the GBIF network and its partner projects. GBIF France works in collaboration with the main institutions and ministries at the national level and will continue these actions in the future. It contributes to reflections on the harmonization of data flows at the national level and participates in various working groups and steering committees of biodiversity stakeholders.

French National Centre for Scientific Research

The French National Centre for Scientific Research is a public scientific and technological research organization under the supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research.


France's leading multidisciplinary research organization, the CNRS conducts research in all scientific, technological and societal fields, including mathematics, physics, information science and technology, and research. communication, nuclear and high energy physics, earth sciences and the universe, chemistry, life sciences, humanities and social sciences, environmental sciences or sciences of the engineering.

With nearly 32,000 people (of which 24,617 are statutory - 11,106 researchers and 13,511 engineers, technicians and administrative staff), a budget for 2015 of € 3.3 billion including € 769 million of own resources, an implementation on Across the country, the CNRS operates in all fields of knowledge, relying on more than 1,100 research and service units. With 21 Nobel laureates and 12 Fields Medals, the CNRS has a long tradition of excellence. Every year, the CNRS awards the gold medal, considered the highest scientific distinction in France.

The "Agence Nationale de la Recherche"

The "Agence Nationale de la Recherche" (ANR, fr: National Agency for Research) is an agency of means created on February 7, 2005, which finances public research and research partnership in France. Its mission is to implement funding for project research in France.

On a competitive selection method, which respects international standards, the agency strives to:

• contribute to the development of science and technology,

• foster creativity, decompartmentalization, emergence and partnerships,

• focus research efforts on economic and societal priorities defined at the highest level of the state and in consultation with other research actors,

• encourage interactions between disciplines,

• intensify public-private links.

To this end, the ANR has designed and deployed a range of funding instruments to meet both the role attributed to it in France's public research and innovation policy and the project financing needs of French companies for research communities. The major challenges in which the ANR's action is situated are consistent with the national and European strategic agendas.

The ANR's mission is "to manage large state investment programs in the field of higher education and research, and monitor their implementation", such as the decree on the organization and operation of the Agency stipulates it. It is for this reason that the ANR was designated in 2010 as State operator for the actions of the investment program for the future, and takes care of the organization of the selection, contracting, financing the monitoring, evaluation and impact of the projects and actions of the program on this field of action.

Investissement d'avenir

The “Investissements d'avenir” (investments in the future; sometimes called "big loan") is an investment program of the French State, initiated in 2010 and still in progress in 2017. They are managed by the General Commissariat for Investment.



The President of the Republic has announced a third component of the Investments for the Future Program (PIA). This program, born from the 2009 "Juppé - Rocard" report, is an original approach that prepares France for the challenges of tomorrow. It obeys three words that make it the hallmark: excellence, innovation and cooperation. Excellence, because universities, institutes, laboratories, teams, entrepreneurial and industrial projects are chosen according to their excellence on the basis of opinions of juries or independent experts. Innovation, because you have to bring something new to benefit from the PIA. Cooperation, because we want to make those who are responsible for the future of our country work together.

€ 35 billion were deployed from 2010, to benefit higher education, research, development and innovation in the strategic sectors of the French economy (industry, digital, transport, energy, health). € 12 billion boosted this momentum from 2014. The € 10 billion announced by the President of the Republic for a third Future Investments Program, amplify the initial ambition and meet three priorities: to support the progress of the education and research, enhance research and accelerate the modernization of enterprises.